Other terriers developed in Scotland around the same time included the Cairn , Skye , Scottish and Dandie Dinmont terriers. The West Highland white terrier, commonly called a Westie, is a small, energetic dog with a lively and lovable personality. It can cause seizures, muscle stiffness, and ataxia, but is more commonly found in Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Flaxman is credited with classes being added to dog shows for white Scottish Terriers towards the end of the 19th century. Major concerns: globoid cell leukodystrophy, Legg–Perthes, CMO, skin disease, Minor concerns: copper toxicosis, cataract, patellar luxation, KCS. The busy Westie is often happy, curious, and always in the thick of things. [4] Westies also have short and sturdy tails. The club was renamed during the following year to the West Highland White Terrier Club of America. Initially, it was also known at the time as the Roseneath Terrier, and the Roseneath Terrier Club was recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1908. [36] As of 2010, the Westie is the third-most popular breed of terrier in the UK, with 5,361 puppies registered with the Kennel Club. The Westie is highly social and is the most friendly and jolly of all the Scottish breeds of terriers. A second club was subsequently set up, with the Countess of Aberdeen as chairman. The breed is intelligent, quick to learn, and can be good with children, but does not always tolerate rough handling. Kiltie and Ch. Selective breeding based on such qualities as coat type or color likely produced the different breeds who would have easily remained distinct in the relative isolation of the various parts of the Scottish mainland and the western islands of the country. In fact, the AKC first registered them as the Roseneath Terrier in 1908, but the name was changed to West Highland White Terrier in 1909. The Westie is an active and intelligent breed, and is social with a high prey drive, as they were once used to hunt rodents. The white dogs were easier to spot in the fields, and this was their big advantage. As this condition is most commonly found in Westies and Maltese, the condition was originally thought to be connected to the genes for white coats, but the same condition has since been found in other nonwhite breeds including the Yorkshire Terrier and the Dachshund. Dianthus Buttons, owned by Kath Newstead and Dorothy Taylor, took the title for the breed in 1976. Edward Malcolm succeeded the Countess as the club's second chairman. West Highland White Terrier Breed History They are one of the most popular Scottish terrier breeds today There is a common myth that Westies developed strong tails to be pulled out of rat holes They were bred selectively for their white coats Their ears are pointed and erect. Their often have long tails. It typically appears in dogs under a year old, and can cause problems for the dog to chew or swallow food. [29], The person most closely associated with developing the modern breed of West Highland White Terrier is Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch. All trademarks are owned by Société des Produits Nestlé S.A., or used with permission. The king ordered that a dozen of these white terriers be procured from Argyll to be presented to the Kingdom of France as a gift. [19] Another genetic condition that affects the breed is "white dog shaker syndrome". The West Highland White Terrier, commonly known as the Westie, is a breed of dog from Scotland with a distinctive white harsh coat with a somewhat soft white undercoat. [11] A club survey puts the average lifespan at 11.4 years. It can also be prone to skin disorders, with a breed-specific condition called hyperplastic dermatosis occurring. The West Highland White Terrier often enjoys the outdoors and are a well mannered member of the household, if taken for regular exercise. [4] The fur fills out the face to give a rounded appearance. [26], Reports of a ship from the Spanish Armada being wrecked on the island of Skye in 1588 indicated the ship carried white Spanish dogs, whose descendants were kept distinct from other breeds by Clan Donald, including the families of the Chiefs. Westie Staff (West Highland White Terrier x American Staffordshire Terrier mix) In 1908, a couple years after England recognized the breed, America followed suit and the AKC induced the canine as its own breed. SaveMEDIUM: This breed is very active indoors, so daily walks and play should satisfy their exercise needs. [10], The American breed club puts the lifespan of the Westie at 12 to 16 years. [4], The breed is predisposed to conditions found in many breeds, such as abdominal hernias. This, too, is the origin of the West Highland White Terrier, which is thought to have originally been part of the Cairn breed. Following this, Malcolm decided to develop a white terrier breed, which became known as the "Poltalloch Terrier". They need either a short to moderate walk on leash or a good game in the yard every day. ... Champion West Highland Terrier Study the breed standard, get a clear image in your mind of the type you want. During these years, they can face a few canine health problems, which are explained below: Cataracts: It is a condition where it cause sopacity on the lens … The modern breed is descended from a number of breeding programs of white terriers in Scotland before the 20th century. Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu – Which one is a better dog breed for you? [28] Another breed of white Scottish terriers also appeared at this point, with Dr. Americ Edwin Flaxman from Fife developing his line of "Pittenweem Terriers" out of a female Scottish Terrier which produced white offspring. [18], An inherited genetic problem that exists in the breed is globoid cell leukodystrophy. Because of their high prey drive, Westies should be exercised while leashed or in a secure or enclosed area. The West Highland White Terrier shares their roots with the other terriers of Scotland, protecting homes and farms from fox, badger, and rodents. I am a great guard dog too. [32] The same title was taken by Barbara Worcester's Ch. Note: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. [8] It is ranked in the average range as 88th in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs. The breed dates back to more than a century, and the American Kennel Club recognized it in the U.S. in 1908. To get the latest on pet adoption and pet care, sign up to hear from us. PRICE JACK ADULT MALE. [5] Sandy- and brindle-coloured dogs were seen as hardier than those of other colours, and white dogs were seen as being weak. Since that date they have made quite a name for themselves, being established as one of the most popular terriers in the home. Breeds with high prey drives enjoy tossing and retrieving games, but the object of the game should be a ball or a Frisbee, not a live animal. [31] Canadian Kennel Club recognition followed in 1909. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. Yorkshire Terrier may grow 7 cm / 2 inches shorter than West Highland White Terrier. Having a typical terrier prey drive, it tends to be highly interested in toys, especially chasing balls. The breed came about in the mid-19th century when a Scottish breeder of the Cairn Terrierwhelped some white pups in his litters. [28] The dog seemed to produce these white puppies regardless of the sire to which she was bred, and after drowning over 20 of these offspring, he came upon the theory that it was an ancient trait of the Scottish Terrier that was trying to reappear. But the bonnie, bold West Highland White Terrier was bred with a wiggly little tail strong enough to withstand being used to pull these earthdogs from burrows and holes. Westie is a very social dog who will get along excellent with everybody. It is normally independent, assured, and self-confident, and can make a good watchdog. CONTACT US. The first generation of Poltallochs had sandy-coloured coats, and had already developed prick ears, which is a trait seen later in the modern breed. Find West Highland White Terrier Puppies and Breeders in your area and helpful West Highland White Terrier information. The Australian dog food manufacturer Mars Incorporated uses the West Highland White Terrier breed as the face of their My Dog brand. Small, active and hardy, West Highland White Terriers have a healthy dose of confidence, with a mischievous look. [26] It was ranked 30th-most popular in 2001, based on registrations with the American Kennel Club, which has varied around the 30s in the decade since, with it ranked 34th in 2010. At one time the Westie, Skye, Cairn, and Scottish Terriers were all considered one breed with considerable diversity. Often referred to a “Westies” or “Westys,” West Highland Terriers originated in Scotland and were first given their modern name in the early 1900s. White Dog Shaker Syndrome is a neurological disorder primarily seen in white dog breeds such as the West Highland White Terrier but also in the Maltese and Samoyed dog breeds. Radiographic testing can be conducted to diagnose the condition, in which the bones around the jaw thicken; additionally, the blood may show increased calcium levels and enzyme levels. Rumpus Glenmohr. "Find similarities and differences between Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu" Compare Rhodesian Ridgeback and West Highland White Terrier. In the initial stages, this condition can be misdiagnosed as allergies or less serious forms of dermatitis. Take our short quiz to find out! Additionally, it is a hypoallergenic dog breed.[1]. It has been in the top third of all breeds in the US since the 1960s. Cameron, published in 1908. [23] The breed is also one of the least likely to be affected by a luxating patella, where the knee cap slips out of place. Status: Available . Elfinbrook Simon in 1962. The breed is used as the mascot of the Cesar brand of dog food. He rededicated his breeding program to produce white Scottish Terriers with the aim of restoring it to the same stature as the dark-coloured breed. [2], Commonly, Westies have bright, deep-set, almond-shaped eyes that are dark in colour. [22] However, the chances of this condition occurring are much higher in some other breeds, such as the Australian Shepherd and the Miniature Pincher. Age : 12 Weeks . According to the breed’s official history, the West Highland White Terrier was developed due to a hunting accident where Colonel Edward Malcolm of Poltalloch accidentally killed one of his Scottish terriers when out on the hunt, mistaking it for a fox. Welcome to West Highland White Terrier Home. [25] At various times during the breed's existence, it has been considered a white offshoot of both the Scottish Terrier and the Cairn Terrier breeds. They are not friendly, however, toward small pets. One such family was the Clan MacLeod, and it was reported by their descendants that at least two Chiefs kept white terriers, including "The Wicked Man" Norman MacLeod, and his grandson Norman, who became Chief after his death. We strongly recommend that you read the Westie Frequently Asked Questions page and the Acquiring a West Highland White Terrier … Contact us today and get your own puppy! All West Highland White Terrier found here are from AKC-Registered parents. In some cases, tube feeding may be necessary. [33] It took a further 14 years before the breed took its first Best in Show title at Crufts, the UK's major dog show. The term "West Highland White Terrier" first appears in Otters and Otter Hunting by L.C.R. [28] In 1903, Malcolm declared that he did not want to be known as the creator of the breed and insisted that his breed of white terriers be renamed. Malcolm owned terriers used to work game; the story told is that a reddish-brown terrier was mistaken for a fox and shot. Other related breeds included George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll's Roseneath Terrier and Dr Americ Edwin Flaxman's Pittenweem Terriers. 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