[33], Good wildlife sighting opportunities are the Elephant Safari and Van Safari, conducted by the Tamil Nadu Forest Department departing from park headquarters at Theppakadu. [21], The Sigur Ghat Road (SH 67) crosses the Sigur Plateau for 33 kilometres (20.5 mi) from Ooty to Theppakadu. The Damodar River originates here and flows through a rift valley. Dogra, IFS, Rakesh Kumar, Wildlife Warden, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, "Conservation perspective of Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, Southern India", "Can a Tiger Change Its Stripes? Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. There are also many unauthorised small homestays operating. In 2011, the Madras HC upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu government’s notification (of 2010) declaring an ‘Elephant Corridor’ in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District. Download plateaus notes PDF for UPSC Exam preparation. In the competitive exams conducted by UPSC, questions on World Heritage sites are a must. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. 13 Jan 2021. It is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau. Similar to Peninsular Plateaus of India, there are other famous plateaus in the world. NW Bandipur National Park & Nagarhole National Park, N-Mysore District, Sigur Plateau (Segur Plateau) is a plateau in the north and east of Nilgiri District in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, South India. Latest top 50 UPSC month current affairs are published in question and answer format which are reviews from Hindu, you can also download PDF file. [36] Other important tourist villages are Chadpatti, Mavanhalla, Valaithottum and Singara. The Ranchi Plateau is the largest part of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. Katanga Plateau (Congo) – Famous for copper mines, East African Plateau – Famous for Gold and Diamond mining, Broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills, Central Highlands of India and Deccan Plateau are the two main divisions of the Indian Peninsular Plateau. It is bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south, and the Gujarat Plains to the west. Smaller carnivores such as palm civet, small Indian civet, jungle cat, jackal and several species of mongoose also use this valley intensively for feeding, resting and denning. [22] The Sigur Plateau contains several discrete elephant migration corridors, including: Kallar Elephant Corridor, Anaikatty Elephant Corridor, Vazhikadavu Elephant Corridor, Glencorin Elephant Corridor, Kaniyanpura - Moyar Elephant Corridor, Masinagudi-Moyar Elephant Corridor, Singara-Masinagudi Elephant Corridor, Mavinhalla-Chemmanatham Elephant Corridor and Greater Moyar Valley Corridor. 69% of private facilities have a boundary connection to government revenue land or reserve forest and 91% are fenced, usually with electrified fence. the facilities charge less than Rs 500 per night. The questions are mainly framed from The Hindu and PIB news articles. Get names of world-famous plateaus, for the IAS Exam. 3 Mountain ranges border it. This area supports over 6,300 elephants,[5] that represents the largest single population of elephants and tigers in India. Read to know the simple definition of a plateau. Recently, the sighting of a pair of Asian king vultures and a juvenile in the Sigur plateau is a cause for optimism that the species may be re-establishing itself in the region. This sanctuary declaration is expected to bolster wildlife conservation efforts, as the sanctuary managers will get financial support from the central government under Project Tiger. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1 Answer Key & Detailed Solutions - UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies Paper - 1. [18] The following quiz will have 5-10 MCQs. It has … [20], Elevation in the plateau ranges from 280 metres (919 ft) at the Bhavani Sagar Reservoir and increases in the west to 1,880 metres (6,168 ft) at Konabetta Peak (Sigur Peak). [16] Usually, plateaus are formed when magma which is located deep inside the earth, pushes towards the surface but fails to break through the crust. Sep 27,2020 - UPSC Prelims Past Year Paper 2017: Paper 1 (GS) | 100 Questions MCQ Test has questions of UPSC preparation. [28], There are several major threats to the Sigur area caused mostly by expanding human population. [19], The Sigur river valley acts as a crucial micro-habitat for herbivores, especially elephants, gaur and sambar and carnivores such as tiger, leopard, wild dog (dhole), sloth bear and striped hyaena for feeding, resting and denning. It is located in the Astore and Skardu districts of Gilgit-Baltistan. [20], Of the nine species of Vultures which exist in India, the critically endangered white-rumped vulture, long-billed vulture and king vulture (or) red-headed vulture and the endangered Egyptian vulture have been documented in the forests of Nilgiris Eastern Ghats landscape, which comprises the Sigur and Moyar Valleys. The prominent features of Indian Peninsular Plateau: Choose the correct answer from the below-given options. Deccan Plateau (India) – It extends over 8 Indian states, covering entire South India. The southern western ghats with an area of 7000 sq. Answer Key & Detailed Solutions – UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam -2017 General Studies – 1 SET – Unknown NOTE: Please share your scores in the comment box. Rainfall is locally variable, with the western part of the plateau lying in a rain shadow region, receiving less than 500 millimetres (19.7 in) annually, while the east part receives more than 1,000 millimetres (39.4 in) of rainfall. It is an indirect tax on the supply of final goods and services. ←Burning Issue] Recent IPCC reports → Detailed Analysis of UPSC Mains GS 2 Paper (70 Percent Questions Came from CD Test Series) Half of Q.5) Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raibenshe’ It is a genre of Indian folk martial dance performed by male only; It is primarily performed in Arunachal Pradesh [citation needed], The five major streams in the Sigur plateau are the Moyar River, the Sigur River, the Avarahalla River, the Kedarhalla River and the Gundattihalla River, which originate in the Nilgiris plateau. Goods and Services Tax: GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016. [7], A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for Vultures. The region is home to four vulture species, including the red-headed vulture. Aspirants can check the other geography-related articles that can complement your preparation: Plateau is an area of raised land that is flat on top. ... UPSC REPEATS Questions in IAS Prelims from Previous Year Papers 18 repeated in 2018 IAS Prelims 26+ repeated in 2017 IAS Prelims 16+ repeated in 2016 IAS Prelims The high court had upheld the validity of the Tamil Nadu Government Notification of 2010 which had notified an 'Elephant Corridor' in the Sigur Plateau of Nilgiris District and has further directed resort owners and other private land owners to vacate and hand over the vacant possession of the lands falling within the notified elephant corridor to the District Collector, Nilgiris. Specimens of some animals who once lived in the Mudumalai Jungle are preserved in a museum near the Elephant feeding camp. It is situated near the Mudumalai National Park in the Nilgiris district. A) None of the above statements are true. Required fields are marked *. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. The Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), encompassing both the Sigur plateau and the Moyar valley, is believed to be home to 12-14 individuals.\ [19] [24], These forests are home to indigenous tribal people belonging largely to the Kasaba sub-group of the Irular community. One can interact with working elephants and see how they are fed at the Elephant Feeding Camp in Theppakadu. HINDU NOTES-AUGUST 4 2018 [UPSC IAS Current affairs] ... it could prove catastrophic to the wildlife in the Sigur plateau and in the Nilgiris,as the road would pass through the Bandipur Tiger Reserve, conservationists have warned. [3], The Sigur Plateau is notable as an important wildlife corridor maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats to sustain elephant and tiger numbers and their genetic diversity. Attempt Daily Current Affairs and GK Quiz of 18 and 19 October 2020 to boost your preparation of the general awareness section of the competitive exams. There are 11 government tourist facilities within Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary or within reserve forest or revenue land and none of them are fenced. (Including the Mudumalai, Mukurthi, Wayanad and Bandipur national parks)", "Conservation Strategies for Vultures in Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve", "Expand Mudumalai buffer zone, Jairam tells TN", "Tipu Sultan's Sathyamangalam connection", "Freedom from terror in 'Veerappan corridors, "MUDUMALAI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY & NATIONAL PARK", "Status Assessment of Tourism on the Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu, Impacts and Recommendations", Report – Study on Water Resources in the Sigur Plateau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sigur_Plateau&oldid=992249306, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 07:52. Along the river and stream courses, there are dense shola, or dwarf moist deciduous forest in both the west and east parts of the plateau. "[14], In the late 1700s, Tipu Sultan maintained a fort and trading route between the Kingdom of Mysore and Travancore, along the Moyar River here. It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats. It is not a test of your knowledge. Deccan Trap is a part of the peninsular plateau. The Nilgiris North Forest Division includes the Sigur Range 257.3 km2 (99.3 sq mi), Coonoor Range176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi) and the Udhagai North Range 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi),[1] which are in turn divided into the Kambatti reserve forest, the Sigur reserve forest, the Kalhatti Slopes reserve forest, the Singara reserve forest, Bokkapuram reserve forest, Moyar reserve forest and Northern Hay reserve forest. Subject: Environment. In 2008, close to 73,000 people stayed at the tourist resorts on the Sigur Plateau with around 58% of these tourists coming just to see the wildlife. It is believed that 12-14 Asian king vultures live in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR), which borders Sigur plateau and … The Moyar valley and the nearby Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris, are among the few remaining places in India where vultures can be found. Scenic spots are the Chief Minister’s Watchtower, the view point at Kargudi, the Ombetta Lake and the Safari Van rides on Sand Road, Circular Road, Manradiar Road, Jayadev Avenue and Bombax Road. It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. Your email address will not be published. The plateau is highly dissected. It has its formation associated with the breaking of Gondwana land. [7] The Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Sub-Cluster (more than 6,000 square kilometres (2,316.6 sq mi)), including all of Mudumalai National Park and the reserve forests of the Sigur Plateau, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site. A proposal has been initiated to notify Sigur and adjoining forest areas as a wildlife sanctuary for vultures. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. The Sigur Plateau is an important watershed area for the Cauvery River and its ecological health is important to the many people dependent on the Cauvery. 5 MCQs from UPSC Previous Years Questions + 11 MCQs for practice from Rau’s Prelims Test Series 2021. The second-highest plateau is the Deosai Plateau of the Deosai National Park (also known as Deoasai Plains) at an average elevation of (13,497 ft). The Supreme Court upheld a Madras High Court order ratifying a state government decision to earmark the Sigur plateau in the Nilgiris as an elephant corridor in 2010 and raze all resorts in nearby Mudumalai to facilitate their movement through the corridor. They include, from east to west: Sigur, Anaikatti, Chokkanalli, Vazhaithottam, Sholur, Masinagudi, Boothanatham, Mavanhalla, Bokkapuram, Hundi Moyar, Singhara, Tippakadu, Siriyur, Chamanatham and Kurumbarpallam. [31] The major impact of private resorts on the corridor areas are: fragmentation and destruction of habitats due to invasion of unpalatable weeds, loss of forest connectivity between habitats due new buildings construction and agriculture fields, including installation of barbed wire and electric fences, increasing rate of dependence by local communities on natural resources for fuel wood collection, cattle grazing, fresh water supply and waste disposal. However, by this time the Conservator of Forests of Madras Presidency, Dr. Hugh Cleghorn stated that "This forest has been much exhausted by a succession of unscrupulous contractors, and there is very little teak or Bombay Blackwood (Rosewood) at present fit for felling. There is a considerable gene flow between the nearly 2,000 elephants in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and the 1,800 in the Eastern Ghats, especially Sathyamangalam. Issu The elevation of the plateau surface in this part is about 700 m (2,300 ft) and gradually slopes down towards south-east into the hilly and undulating region of Singhbhum (earlier the Singhbhum district or what is now the Kolhan division). It is a nomadic survival place for Elephants in the form of forest. [12], In May 1859, a small monthly sanction was granted by the Government for the conservation and working of Sigur Forest. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. It covers the 778.8 square kilometres (300.7 sq mi) portion of the Moyar River drainage basin on the northern slopes of the Nilgiri Hills, south of the Moyar River. UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus, Strategy & Structure, Previous Years Geography Questions in UPSC Mains General Studies Paper- 1, Topic-Wise General Studies Paper-1 Questions in UPSC Mains. [26] There are several tribal villages in the Sigur plateau. The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau, which connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity. Kallatty falls, located30 kilometres (18.6 mi) from Theppakadu, is a waterfall with a scenic view. [23], In 2010, Jairam Ramesh, Minister for Environment and Forests, stated to the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu that "adding the Segur Plateau as a buffer to Mudumalai would strengthen the population status of tiger, its co-predators and prey in the landscape". It also has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side. 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