15. This became the main method of creating and governing colonies. Spanish sovereignty recognized in 1748, Illegal but well-established English settlements. China. [5] Most Crown colonies, especially the white settler colonies had a bicameral legislature, consisting of an upper house usually called the Legislative council, which members were appointed and served a similar purpose as the British House of Lords. Scotland and Ireland united with England, End of Republic. Fifteen of these (known, with the United Kingdom, as the 16 Commonwealth realms) retain the British monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) as Head of State. British have invaded nine out of ten countries - so look out Luxembourg Britain has invaded all but 22 countries in the world in its long and colourful history, new research has found. However, this was purely a personal union, with Hanover maintaining its political independence otherwise, and so it is not usually considered to have formed part of the British Empire. Eventually these were converted to Crown colonies. Since then, many territories around the world have been under the control of the United Kingdom or its predecessor states. A number of countries (dominions) within the British Empire gained independence in stages during the earlier part of the 20th century. The very first title of this political association amongst various countries was the British Commonwealth of Nations. However, many of the Spaniards’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations. If they are not currently under British rule, these locations were at one time. The British Empire held Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Fiji, Western Samoa, India, Burma, Papa New Guinea, Malaya, Sarawak, Brunei, Oman, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, Northern and Southern Rhodesia, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, Mauritius, the Maldives, South Africa, Swaziland, Nigeria, Gold Coast, and Sierra Leone, among other countries during its reign. There remain, however, 14 global territories which remain under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Since the Act of Union in 1707, the United Kingdom has ruled vast swaths of land across the world. Territorial evolution from the foundation of the English colonial empire to the present. The College of Arms is the authority on the flying of flags in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and maintains the only official register of flags for these countries. In legal terms the territories included those formally under the sovereignty of the British monarch (who held the additional title of Emperor (or Empress) of India from 1876 to 1947); various "foreign" territories controlled as protectorates; territories transferred to British administration under the authority of the League of Nations or the United Nations; and miscellaneous other territories, such as the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, a condominium with Egypt. From the 1870s, in search of new markets to trade with, and facing competition from other countries, such as Germany and France, Britain set out to gain control and influence over new overseas territories, particularly in Africa. See England; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Scotland; United Kingdom; Wales. [3][4], Crown colonies were ruled by a governor appointed by the monarch. A … Similarly, when Great Britain was united with the Kingdo… A protected state is a territory under a foreign ruler which enjoys British protection, over whose foreign affairs she exercises control, but in respect of whose internal affairs she does not exercise jurisdiction. By the middle of the 19th century, the sovereign appointed royal governors on the advice of the Secretary of State for the Colonies. British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947. As mentioned, the Commonwealth of Nations is an organization made up of fifty-three countries around the world. The fourteen British Overseas Territories are: This is a listing of the more important treaties, Acts of Parliament, and other legal instruments and events affecting the nature and territorial extent of the British Empire. Republicanism became more prevalent in the Early Modern period, but monarchy remained predominant in Europe during the 19th century.Since the end of World War I, however, most European monarchies have been abolished.There remain, as of 2020, twelve sovereign monarchies in Europe.Seven are kingdoms: Denmark, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands and Belgium. Today, more than twenty countries around the world are still ruled by monarchies. The British Empire ruled over many countries in Africa, beginning in 1870. Every continent in the world has member countries that are part of the British Commonwealth of Nations. The U.K. was viewed as greater than all other countries in the British Empire, so this was a huge step for equality among European countries, hence the word Commonwealth. A Crown colony: a type of colonial administration of the English and later the British Empire, whose legislature and administration were controlled by the Crown. 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